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An Economist with a special interest in trade and labor economics

Habtamu Fuje

PhD, Columbia University

Habtamu.Fuje@columbia.edu

Currently, I am an Economist at the World Bank Group.

I am an Economist with a special interest in trade and labor economics.

RESEARCH

Job Market Paper

Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reforms, Spatial Market Integration, and Welfare: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Ethiopia
Abstract:In light of climate change and tight fiscal conditions after the 2008 crises, fuel subsidy reform has become a popular policy. The G20 leaders, in their Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania meeting in 2009, committed to phase out inefficient fuel subsidies. However, little is known about the implications of removing subsidies on food prices and welfare. I study the welfare effects of such reforms through their impacts on the spatial dispersion of food prices using a “natural experiment” from Ethiopia. I employ time-regression discontinuity design using a highly disaggregated monthly grain price data (1996–2013) from 300 locations. I find the following: (a) the reform substantially increased grain price dispersion; (b) there are notable spatial heterogeneities in the treatment effect; (c) even if the reform has had no impact on overall price levels, it increased cross-sectional spatial price differences; and (d) net-sellers of grain in remote districts and some urban households experienced welfare losses.Keyword: Fuel subsidy, price dispersion, RD design, sDID, welfare.

Publications

Transportation Cost, Fuel Subsidies and Commodity Prices, 2019, World Trade Review (Forthcoming)

What is the impact of drought on prices? Evidence from Ethiopia (with Ruth Hill), 2019, Economic Development and Cultural Change (R&R)

Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reforms, Spatial Market Integration, and Welfare: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Ethiopia, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 101(1) 270-290, 2018

When do in-service teacher training and books improve student achievement? Experimental evidence from Mongolia (with Prateek Tandon), Review of Development Economics, 22 (3) 1360-1383, 2018

The Cost of Inaction: Case Studies from Rwanda and Angola Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0674065581 (with Sudhir Anand, Chris Desmond, and Nadejda Marques), 2012

Role of Governance in Explaining Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa Harvard African Policy Journal, Vol. IV, 2008

Education

Columbia University

  • PhD in Sustainable Development, 2016
Harvard University

  • MPA in International Development (MPA/ID), 2010
Addis Ababa University

  • MSc and BA in Economics, 2007

TEACHING

Columbia University, Teaching Fellow (2012-2014)
Courses: Macroeconomic Policy Management, Analysis of Large-Scale Data (with Matt Neidell) , and Challenges of Sustainable Development (with Jeff Sachs)
Harvard University, Course Assistant (2009-2010)
Courses: Microeconomic Analysis, and Econometrics (wth Alberto Abadie)
Addis Ababa University, Lecturer (2007-2008)
Courses: Microeconomics, and Principles of Economics